One of the fundamental rules of Spanish grammar is adjective agreement, which states that adjectives must agree in number and gender with the noun they modify. In simpler terms, this means that if a noun is feminine and singular, any adjective that describes it must also be feminine and singular. Similarly, if a noun is masculine and plural, any adjective that modifies it must also be masculine and plural.

For example, let`s take the noun “perro,” which means “dog.” If we want to describe a specific dog as “white,” we would say “perro blanco” if the dog is male and “perra blanca” if the dog is female. The gender of the adjective (blanco versus blanca) must match the gender of the noun (perro versus perra).

Similarly, if we want to describe a group of dogs as “happy,” we would say “perros felices” if all the dogs in the group are male, or “perras felices” if all the dogs in the group are female. If the group consists of both male and female dogs, we would use the masculine plural form “perros felices” as the default.

It`s important to note that in Spanish, the gender of a noun is not always obvious from its form. For example, the word “persona” (person) is always feminine, even if the person in question is male. Therefore, if we want to describe a male person as “friendly,” we would say “persona amigable” rather than “persono amigable.”

Adjective agreement can be a tricky concept to master for non-native speakers of Spanish. However, by paying close attention to the gender and number of the nouns they are modifying, Spanish learners can communicate their ideas effectively and elegantly in the language of Cervantes.

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